The Bangle Sellers
- Bangle sellers are we who bear
Our shining loads to the temple fair
For happy daughter and happy wives.
i)What is being referred to as “shining loads”? Who all are its prospective buyers?
Ans. The colourful glass bangles are being referred to as “shining loads”.
The prospective buyers of these “shining loads” are young maidens, newlywed brides as well middle aged women.
ii) Bangle sellers could sell their goods anywhere. Why do they choose to sell them at the temple fair?
Ans. Bangle sellers could sell their goods anywhere. Inspite of it they choose to sell them at the temple fair. This is because people of various age groups come at the temple fair and hence among them young girls, and young women and middle aged women will also be present who will buy these bangle.
iii) Which figure of speech is used in the line, “Rainbow-tinted circles of light”? Explain what is linked to the happiness of daughters and wives.
Ans. Figure of speech used in the line, “Rainbow-tinted circles of light” is metaphor. Metaphor is a figure of speech in which indirect comparison occurs between two different objects. Here colour glass bangles are compared to a rainbow. Colourful glass bangles are linked to the happiness of daughters and wives.
iv) What role do the bangle sellers play in a traditional Indian set-up, according to this extract?
Ans. According to this extract, bangle sellers give symbols of happy lives to maidens, newlywed young women and middle-aged women by selling them selling them colourful glass bangles. Bangles play a very important role among Indian women. Women of various age groups adorn their wriest with colourful bangles which symbolises their happy and peaceful life.
v) Explain how the poet uses her descriptive skills to present facts. Give two examples from the extract.
Ans. The poet Sarojini Naidu uses her descriptive skills to present facts. In this given extract also we get two such examples. In the line “Bangle sellers are we who bear/Our shining loads to the temple fair” We see how the bangle sellers carry their loads of bangles to the temple fair. In this line “Rainbow-tinted circles of light”, the bright lustrous hues of bangles are very well described.
In both the above two examples we can visualise the images from the descriptive technique of the poet.
- Some are purple and gold flacked grey
For she has journeyed through life midway,
And worships the gods at her husband’s side.
i) For whom are the “purple and gold flacked grey” bangles suitable for? Which phase of their lives is symbolised by these bangles?
Ans. The “Purple and gold flacked grey” bangles are suitable for the middle-aged women who after experiencing all the grey touch of maturity.
The purple and grey coloured bangles symbolise that phase of life when a woman after gaining maturity, rearing all her children with love at last has achieved the fullness of her role as wife and mother.
ii) Discuss the use of colour imagery in above the extract.
Ans. The above extract speaks of purple and gold flecked grey coloured bangles. Purple colour symbolises power, authority, pride and dignity. Gold flecked grey colour symbolises wisdom and experience. Hence a woman wearing purple and gold flecked grey bangles suggests that she has achieved maturity, reared her children with love and care, looked after her household and now has acquired her position beside her husband and achieved the fullness of her role as a mother and a wife.
iii) Explain briefly the following lines:
“Whose hands have cherished, whose love has blest,
And cradled fair sons on her faithful breast”,
Ans. The above-mentioned lines refer to these middle aged women who have reared their children with love and care and have looked after all the household duties adeptly and brought prosperity and blessings of god in their house.
iv) What special significance does the phrase “faithful pride” hold in the extract?
Ans. The phrase “faithful pride” refers to the middle aged woman who has experienced all the aspects of being a woman. She is not only a mother rearing up her children with love and care but enjoys an equal position beside her husband in maintain all relationships.
v) Comment on the changes in the life of a woman vis-a-vis the colour of her bangles.
Ans. The maidenhood or the first stage of womanhood is shown by light coloured bangles like, blue, silver, pink and light green. These coloured suggest the freshness and beauty of young maidens. The maiden who now turns into a bride wear bangles of golden yellow colour and bright red colour. These colours symbolises the desires of a newly wedded bride, her dreams and hopes. The newly wedded bride has now turned into a matured middle aged woman who has fulfilled all her duties to rear up her children and maintain good relationship in her family. She wears purple and gold flecked grey bangles that symbolises her power and authority and her wisdom and maturity.
- Some are meet for a maiden’s wrist,
To the limpid glory of new born leaves.
i) What type of bangles are befitting for a maiden’s wrist? Why are the silver and blue colours compared to the mountain mist?
Ans) According to the bangle sellers’ silver and blue coloured bangles which are like the most of a mountain will suit the wrist of a maiden.
The mist of mountain is of blue and silver colour. It keeps on changing from blue to silver and vice-versa.
ii) In what way are the buds set to dream? What figure of speech is used in “the buds Set to dream”?
Ans) The buds are said to be in sleeping state before they wake up or bloom into a flower. In this sleeping state they dream of various aspirations or achievements of theirs after blooming into a flower. Similarly, the maidens are buds who are full of aspirations. In the expression “the buds set to dream “, the buds are personified as young maidens who are asleep and in a dream. Hence, the figure of speech used is personification.
iii) Give the meaning of:
Some are flushed like the buds that dream
on the tranquil brow of a wood land stream
Ans) Some of the bangles (some) are glowing (flushed) like the buds that are going to bloom (buds the dream) on the peaceful edge (tranquil brow) of a woodland stream.
iv) How are the bangles compared to the new born leaves?
Ans) The new born leaves look very soft and fresh. Hence, the soft colours of the bangles worn by maidens express the freshness of their youth like the freshly opened leaves.
v) State the colours of the bangles meant for a maiden. What do these colours symbolise?
Ans) The different colours of the bangles meant for maiden are blue, silver, pink and light green. These colours symbolise the freshness and beauty of a young maiden.
4.. Some are like fields of sunlit corn,
Like her bridal laughter and bridal tear.
i) What is being compared to “fields of sunlit corn” Why?
Ans) The golden coloured bangles worn by brides on the morning of their wedding is being compared to “fields of sunlit corn”. This is because when bright yellow sun light falls on the fields of yellow corns they look bright golden coloured just like the golden bangles worn by brides on the morning of their wedding.
ii) What do you understand by the phrases “bridal laughter” and “bridal tear”? With what have they been compared in the extract?
Ans) The phrase “bridal laughter” refers to the happiness and blissfulness a bride experiences while getting married and the phrase “bridal tear” suggests the sadness that accompanies a bride while leaving her parental abode.
iii) Which figure of speech is used in these two lines? Explains with example.
Some like the flame of her marriage fire, Or, rich with the hue of her heart’s desire,
Ans) In the above-mentioned lines the figure of speech used is simile. The red bangles worn by brides on the morning of their weddings are compared to the reddish yellow flames of fire and the desires of her heart. The comparison is shown by using the word “like”.
iv) Bring out the relevance of the line: Some, like the flame of her marriage fire,
Ans) Fire plays a very essential role in a Hindu marriage. Fire is considered a witness. The nuptial knot is tied in front of the fire. The reddish yellow flames of the fire which is a symbol of joy is held in comparison with the bright red and orange coloured bangles worn by the brides on the morning of their wedding.
v) Weddings become befitting occasions to wear bangles. In what ways does the poet associate bangles with a bride?
Ans) Weddings become befitting occasions to wear bangles. The rich red and golden coloured bangles on the wrists of the brides suggest their happiness and the rich desires of their hearts associated with their weddings. The dreams and hopes of a newly wedded bride.