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FUNDAMENTAL RIGHTS AND DUTIES ICSE CLASS IX

CIVICS

CLASS -IX

FUNDAMENTAL RIGHTS AND DUTIES

Short – Answer Questions

  1. Explain the term Fundamental Rights.

Ans. Certain rights are Fundamental because they are included in the “Fundamental Law of the Land” and can be enforced by the Courts.

  1. Name the different Fundamental Rights guaranteed to the citizens of India.

Ans. (i) Right to Equality

(ii) Right to Freedom

(iii) Right against Exploitation

(iv) Right to Freedom of Religion

(v) Cultural and Educational Right

(vi) Right to Constitutional Remedies

(vii) Right to Education

  1. Explain the term Right to Equality.

Ans. Right to Equality provides equality of opportunity before law and prohibits discrimination.

  1. Name the Fundamental Right that was deleted by the 44th Amendment Act.

Ans. Right to Property.

  1. Name the Fundamental Right that prohibits forced labour.

Ans. Right Against Exploitation.

  1. Mention one limitation to the exercise of the Right to Freedom of Speech and Expression.

Ans. This right cannot be used for slandering others and for jeopardising the safety and integrity of the state.

  1. Name the Fundamental Right that aims at the preservation of culture, language and script of the minorities in India.

Ans. Cultural and Educational Right.

  1. What is understood by the Right to Freedom of Religion?

Ans. Right to Freedom of Religion gives the citizens freedom to follow, practise and preach any religion of their choice.

  1. What is the meaning of the Right to Constitutional Remedies?

Ans. Right to Constitutional Remedies implies that every citizen is entitled to move the Supreme Court or any other High Courts if his/her Fundamental Rights are encroached upon by the state or any person.

  1. Name the Fundamental Right which protects the interests of the linguistic minorities in India.

Ans. Cultural and Educational Right.

  1. Mention one important provision given in the Constitution which gives protection against exploitation.

Ans. The Constitution under Articles 23 and 24 puts firm end to exploitation such as forced labour, beggary, traffic in women and children and unjustified under payment.

  1. Mention two steps taken by the Government to bring about social equality among the citizens of India.

Ans. (i) The Government prohibits the practice of untouchability in any form.

(ii) The Government puts an end to the awarding of titles.

  1. Mention two Fundamental Rights granted to the citizens of India which bring out the secular nature of the state.

Ans. Two Fundamental Rights that bring out the secular nature of the state are: –

(i) To follow any religion of their choice.

(ii) To preach any religion of their choice.

  1. Mention two rights of an individual who is arrested under ordinary circumstances.

Ans. (i) A person, arrested under ordinary circumstances has got the right to informed about the ground of his arrest.

(ii) Such an accused shall have the right to defend himself by a lawyer of his choice.

  1. Why has the practice of according titles been abolished by the Constitution?

Ans. The Constitution has prohibited confering of titles to establish social equality.

  1. Explain the term writ.

Ans. Writs are special orders issued by the Supreme Court of India.

  1. Name the writ that is issued against illegal arrest.

Ans. Habeas Corpus.

  1. What is meant by Preventive Detention?

Ans. A person arrested under the Preventive Detention Act can be detained for a period of three months even without trial in a court of law.

  1. What do you understand by the term MISA?

Ans. MISA or Maintenance of Internal Security Act is a limitation imposed on the exercise of the

Right to Freedom.

  1. Which part of the Constitution contains the Fundamental Rights?

Ans. Part III of the Constitution contains the Fundamental Rights.

Essay Type Question Answers

  1. State the significance of Fundamental Rights.

Ans. Significance of the Fundamental Rights are: –

(i) Fundamental Rights provide those conditions which are essential for the all-round development of human personality.

(ii) They ensure all such freedoms to an individual which make life happy and worth living.

(iii) They provide equality of status and opportunity to every citizen.

(iv) They save people from exploitation.

(v) They act as a check on the arbitrary actions of the state.

  1. Explain the different rights incorporated in the Right to Freedom.

Ans. Some of the most important rights guaranteed under the Right to Freedom are as follows:

(i) Right to Freedom of Speech and Expression.

(ii) Right to Assemble peacefully and without arms.

(iii) Right to Form Associations or Unions.

(iv) Right to Free Movement.

(v) Right to Reside and Settle in any part of the Territory of India.

(vi) Right to Practice Any Profession or to carry on any occupations.

  1. Which articles of the Constitution deal with the Right to Equality?

Ans. Right to Equality (Articles 14 to 18)

Article 14 established equality before law

Article 15 prohibits any sort of discrimination among the citizens of the Republic.

Article 16 guarantees Equality of opportunity in all fields of public life.

Practising of untouchability in any form has been made an offence punishable by Law, as established by Article 17.

Article 18 puts an end to all titles like ‘Rai Bahadur’, ‘Khan Bahadur’, ‘Rai Saheb’ etc.

  1. State the rights guaranteed under the Right to Freedom.

Ans. (i) Right to Freedom of speech and expression.

(ii) Right to Assemble Peacefully and without arms.

(iii) Right to Form Associations or Unions.

(iv) Right to Free Movement.

(v) Right to Reside and settle in any part of the Territory of India.

(vi) Right to Practice Any Profession or Occupation.

These are the most important rights guaranteed under Right to Freedom.

  1. Mention any four Fundamental Duties.

Ans. Four Fundamental Duties of the citizens of India are: –

  1. i) to abide by the Constitution and respect its ideals and institutions, the National Flag and

the National Anthem.

  1. ii) to uphold and protect the sovereignty unity and integrity of India.

iii) to defend the country and render national service when called upon to do so.

  1. iv) to protect and improve the natural environment.
  2. Why have Fundamental Duties been included in the Constitution?

Ans. Fundamental Duties have been included due to the following reasons: –

  1. i) nothing can be got without paying a price. If we want certain rights, we will have to

perform certain duties.

  1. ii) Fundamental Duties have been added to make the Indian citizens patriotic.

iii) to promote the idea of harmony in a land of diversities, these duties have been included.

  1. What is meant by ‘Habeas Corpus’?

Ans. ‘Habeas Corpus’ means ‘to have a body’. By issuing such a writ, the court can get the body of any person released if it has been unlawfully captured by any person or by the state.

  1. Explain the writ Mandamus.

Ans. Mandamus literally means ‘we command’. This writ is thus a sort of command from a superior court or an administrative authority in case they refuse to exercise their jurisdiction and fail to perform their duty.

  1. What is Right to Freedom of Religion?

Ans. According to the Right to Freedom of Religion, the people of India can-

  1. i) follow any religion of their choice.
  2. ii) practise any religion

iii) preach it.

  1. What does Article 32 of the Constitution imply?

Ans. Article 32 of the Constitution of India confers upon the citizens the Right to Constitutional Remedies which implies that every citizen is entitled to move the Supreme Court or any High Courts if his or her Fundamental Rights are encroached upon the state or any person.

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