FUNDAMENTAL RIGHTS AND DUTIES

Short – Answer Questions

  1. Explain the term Fundamental Rights.

Ans. Certain rights are Fundamental because they are included in the “Fundamental Law of the Land” and can be enforced by the Courts.

  1. Name the different Fundamental Rights guaranteed to the citizens of India.

Ans. (i) Right to Equality

(ii) Right to Freedom

(iii) Right against Exploitation

(iv) Right to Freedom of Religion

(v) Cultural and Educational Right

(vi) Right to Constitutional Remedies

(vii) Right to Education

  1. Explain the term Right to Equality.

Ans. Right to Equality provides equality of opportunity before law and prohibits discrimination.

  1. Name the Fundamental Right that was deleted by the 44th Amendment Act.

Ans. Right to Property.

  1. Name the Fundamental Right that prohibits forced labour.

Ans. Right Against Exploitation.

  1. Mention one limitation to the exercise of the Right to Freedom of Speech and Expression.

Ans. This right cannot be used for slandering others and for jeopardising the safety and integrity of the state.

  1. Name the Fundamental Right that aims at the preservation of culture, language and script of the minorities in India.

Ans. Cultural and Educational Right.

  1. What is understood by the Right to Freedom of Religion?

Ans. Right to Freedom of Religion gives the citizens freedom to follow, practise and preach any religion of their choice.

  1. What is the meaning of the Right to Constitutional Remedies?

Ans. Right to Constitutional Remedies implies that every citizen is entitled to move the Supreme Court or any other High Courts if his/her Fundamental Rights are encroached upon by the state or any person.

  1. Name the Fundamental Right which protects the interests of the linguistic minorities in India.

Ans. Cultural and Educational Right.

  1. Mention one important provision given in the Constitution which gives protection against exploitation.

Ans. The Constitution under Articles 23 and 24 puts firm end to exploitation such as forced labour, beggary, traffic in women and children and unjustified under payment.

  1. Mention two steps taken by the Government to bring about social equality among the citizens of India.

Ans. (i) The Government prohibits the practice of untouchability in any form.

(ii) The Government puts an end to the awarding of titles.

  1. Mention two Fundamental Rights granted to the citizens of India which bring out the secular nature of the state.

Ans. Two Fundamental Rights that bring out the secular nature of the state are: –

(i) To follow any religion of their choice.

(ii) To preach any religion of their choice.

  1. Mention two rights of an individual who is arrested under ordinary circumstances.

Ans. (i) A person, arrested under ordinary circumstances has got the right to informed about the ground of his arrest.

(ii) Such an accused shall have the right to defend himself by a lawyer of his choice.

  1. Why has the practice of according titles been abolished by the Constitution?

Ans. The Constitution has prohibited confering of titles to establish social equality.

  1. Explain the term writ.

Ans. Writs are special orders issued by the Supreme Court of India.

  1. Name the writ that is issued against illegal arrest.

Ans. Habeas Corpus.

  1. What is meant by Preventive Detention?

Ans. A person arrested under the Preventive Detention Act can be detained for a period of three months even without trial in a court of law.

  1. What do you understand by the term MISA?

Ans. MISA or Maintenance of Internal Security Act is a limitation imposed on the exercise of the

Right to Freedom.

  1. Which part of the Constitution contains the Fundamental Rights?

Ans. Part III of the Constitution contains the Fundamental Rights.

Essay Type Question Answers
1. State the importance of Fundamental Rights.
Ans. Significance of the Fundamental Rights are: –
(i) Fundamental Rights offer those conditions which are important for the all-round improvement of human personality.
(ii) They make certain all such freedoms to an character which make life glad and worth living.
(iii) They provide equality of reputation and possibility to each citizen.
(iv) They save human beings from exploitation.
(v) They act as a take a look at at the arbitrary moves of the state.
2. Explain the distinctive rights incorporated in the Right to Freedom.
Ans. Some of the most critical rights guaranteed underneath the Right to Freedom are as follows:
(i) Right to Freedom of Speech and Expression.
(ii) Right to Assemble peacefully and with out arms.
(iii) Right to Form Associations or Unions.
(iv) Right to Free Movement.
(v) Right to Reside and Settle in any a part of the Territory of India.
(vi) Right to Practice Any Profession or to hold on any occupations.
3. Which articles of the Constitution deal with the Right to Equality?
Ans. Right to Equality (Articles 14 to 18) –
Article 14 installed equality earlier than law
Article 15 prohibits any type of discrimination many of the citizens of the Republic.
Article 16 ensures Equality of opportunity in all fields of public life.
Practising of untouchability in any form has been made an offence punishable through Law, as established with the aid of Article 17.
Article 18 places an give up to all titles like ‘Rai Bahadur’, ‘Khan Bahadur’, ‘Rai Saheb’ etc.
4. State the rights guaranteed below the Right to Freedom.
Ans. (i) Right to Freedom of speech and expression.
(ii) Right to Assemble Peacefully and with out arms.
(iii) Right to Form Associations or Unions.
(iv) Right to Free Movement.
(v) Right to Reside and settle in any a part of the Territory of India.
(vi) Right to Practice Any Profession or Occupation.
These are the most vital rights guaranteed below Right to Freedom.
5. Mention any four Fundamental Duties.
Ans. Four Fundamental Duties of the residents of India are: –
i) to abide via the Constitution and respect its ideals and institutions, the National Flag and
the National Anthem.
Ii) to uphold and shield the sovereignty harmony and integrity of India.
Iii) to shield the country and render countrywide provider when referred to as upon to do so.
Iv) to protect and improve the natural environment.
6. Why have Fundamental Duties been included within the Constitution?
Ans. Fundamental Duties had been included because of the following reasons: –
i) nothing can be got without paying a price. If we need sure rights, we are able to have to
carry out sure duties.
Ii) Fundamental Duties have been delivered to make the Indian citizens patriotic.
Iii) to sell the idea of concord in a land of diversities, those duties had been included.
7. What is supposed by means of ‘Habeas Corpus’?
Ans. ‘Habeas Corpus’ means ‘to have a body’. By issuing the sort of writ, the court can get the body of any individual launched if it’s been unlawfully captured by means of any person or through the country.
8. Explain the writ Mandamus.
Ans. Mandamus actually means ‘we command’. This writ is therefore a type of command from a advanced court or an administrative authority in case they do not want to workout their jurisdiction and fail to perform their duty.
9. What is Right to Freedom of Religion?
Ans. According to the Right to Freedom of Religion, the human beings of India can-
i) comply with any religion of their choice.
Ii) preparation any faith
iii) pontificate it.
10. What does Article 32 of the Constitution imply?
Ans. Article 32 of the Constitution of India confers upon the citizens the Right to Constitutional Remedies which suggests that each citizen is entitled to move the Supreme Court or any High Courts if his or her Fundamental Rights are encroached upon the state or any man or woman.

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