AFTER BLENHEIM

AFTER BLENHEIM

ROBERT SOUTHEY

QS – 1 Read the extract given underneath and solution the questions
that follow:
And then the antique guy shook his head,
————————————————–
“Who fell in the excellent victory”.
I)Who turned into the old man? Who else were with him? Where have been they?
Ans. The vintage man is kaspar, a German who was a sufferer of the most famous struggle that came about inside the German village of Blindheim inside the battle of the Spanish succession.
His grandson Peterkin and his granddaughter Wilhelmine have been with him.
Kaspar was sitting inside the before his cottage door. His granddaughter Wilhelmine become beside him gambling within the discipline and his grandson Peterkin changed into playing near a small stream.
Ii)Why did the antique man shake his head? Who determined the skull?
Ans. The cranium determined through Peterkin reminded Kaspar of the horror of the war that took place in Blenheim whilst he become a mere toddler. The recollections of that horrific warfare mode Kaspar shake his head.
The skull became discovered via Peterkin, the grandson of Kaspar.
Iii)Where became the skull located? Why does the speaker say that the cranium turned into of a few ‘poor’ fellow?
Ans. The skull turned into observed near a rivulet where Kaspar’s grandson Peterkin changed into playing.
The skull observed by means of Peterkin belonged to some innocent war sufferer who become killed in the conflict that happened inside the Southern Germany village, Blenheim. For this cause, the speaker or Kaspar says that the skull became of some ‘poor’ fellow.
Iv)How commonplace have been the skulls there? At which area a lot of them may want to be located?
Ans. Very often the skulls are located when Kaspar ploughs the soil. The ploughshare pretty regularly turns out the skulls. These skulls are determined pretty frequently within the lawn of Kaspar whilst he ploughs the soil.
V)Which victory is mentioned inside the extract? Who become answerable for the victory?
Ans. The extract refers back to the victory achieved in the year 1704 by using England’s Duke of Marlborough and Savoy’s Prince Eugene inside the most famous war in the warfare of the Spanish succession. This famous warfare become fought in Blenheim, a village in Southern Germany.
QS – II. Read the extract given beneath and solution the questions that follow:
‘Now inform us what twas all approximately all about,
——————————————————-
And what they fought each different for’.
I)Which subject matter is being discussed in the extract? Who had been Peterkin and Wilhelmine? Whom turned into
Peterkin questioning?
Ans. In the extract the maximum famous war of the Spanish succession fought in Blenheim, a village in Southern Germany is being discussed. Peterkin and Wilhelmine have been the grand youngsters of old Kasper.
Peterkin was questioning, Kaspar, his grandfather who became a victim of the famous war of Blenheim.
Ii)In the context of the poem, what special significance do the adjectives ‘young’ and ‘little’ have?
Ans. In the poem the adjectives ‘young’ and ‘little’ describe the 2 grand children of Kaspar Peterkin and Wilhelmine respectively. These kids are greatly surprised by the cruelty of warfare as opposed to boasting its glory. Hence their age indicates that it’s miles the present generation that realises the cruelty of war whilst the grown ups chant blindly approximately the consideration of conflict.
Iii)What is meant by “wonder-ready eyes”? Which parent of speech is used right here? Why did
Wilhelmine appearance up with such eyes?
Ans. The phrase “wonder-waiting eyes” means awaiting to peer and hear thrilling things. The parent of speech used here is alliteration due to the fact the consonant ‘W’ is repeated in ‘wonder-waiting’.
Wilhelmine appeared up with such eyes because when his grandfather vintage Kaspar told approximately the warfare she expected to hear some interesting stories on conflict.
Iv)Who fought the battle? Was Peterkin given a fine respond? What does the respond show about a not unusual guy’s mind-set about war?
Ans. The struggle became fought specially among Austria and France. However, different countries also allied with these two countries. England, the Netherlands, Portugal and numerous German dominions allied with Austria; while Bavaria, Cologne, Mantua and Savoy allied themselves with France.
No, Peterkin turned into no longer given a pleasant reply. Peterkin wanted to realize the motive of the struggle but old Kaspar knew no longer the reason however should handiest inform that the victory turned into very superb.
Old Kaspar’s respond to his grandchildren suggests how indifferent commonplace people are towards conflict. Their subject is handiest about the result of the battle; they remain blind at the result and the reasons of war.
V) Give a brief man or woman sketch of Kaspar.
Ans. Kaspar became an old man who was a small toddler when the warfare of Blenheim came about. His residence was put on fire and his father fled from there with the little Kaspar and his wife. Kaspar is a easy man who like other commonplace humans simplest chants the superb victory however stays blind toward the outcomes of war. He is unable to meet his grandchildren with the tale of the struggle because he knew not the reason why the battle changed into fought.

QS – III Read the extract given beneath answer the questions that follow:
‘With fireplace and sword, the united states round
——————————————————
At every well-known victory.
I)Which usa is referred to inside the extract? What is meant with the aid of “turned into wasted far and wide”?
Ans. The united states of america stated inside the extract refers to Southern Germany. The phrase “became wasted a ways and wide” indicates what a superb destruction and devastation changed into because of the famous struggle within the conflict of the Spanish succession.
Ii) What did the speaker say approximately the effects of the warfare on his own family?
Ans. The speaker says that his family lived at Blenheim whilst the struggle took place. Their residence turned into beside a system a stream. The enemy squaddies burnt down his living house and his father was forced to escape from their together with spouse and little Kaspar with out understanding in which to move and take refuge.
Iii)What is meant by using “a childing mom”? Why do you watched the poet especially points out that “many a childing mother ——- new born child died”?
Ans. The phrase “a childing mother” way a female who is carrying a child in her womb.
The poet specially factors out “many a childing mom ———– new born infant died”. I
think he did so to focus on the cruelty of struggle. Even unborn and new born toddlers are not spared from the cruel palms of conflict.
Iv) What do the closing lines inside the extract tell you about the mind-set of the speaker towards the events that he’s narrating? What are your emotions for the speaker”?
Ans. The last strains inside the extract,
“But such things as that, you already know, need to be
At every well-known victory”.
Tells us approximately the lack of knowledge or indifference of people towards the devastation and destruction resulting from a conflict. People revel in the respect of a victory but ignores the outstanding devastation and presently induced to harmless lives to acquire such a glorious victory.
I experience pity for the speaker who even though became a sufferer of war however failed to recognize the devastation resulting from a battle on mankind.
V) By referring to the incidents within the poem, state how “After Blenheim” can be said to be an
anti-war poem.
Ans. An anti-battle poem is a poem that speaks approximately the futility of warfare. “After Blenheim” is an anti-battle poem. Through old Kaspar, the poet suggests that global diplomacy, politics and warfare are matters which might be cut off from the lives common men. The outburst of reward for the conflict heroes – Duke Marlborough and Prince Eugene reveals the typical incapability of an ordinary citizen like Kaspar to understand the purpose why the warfare took place,
“But what they fought each other for,
I could not properly make out;”
Old Kaspar additionally tells the sight of destruction to his grandchildren.
“With hearth and sword the united states of america round
Was wasted a ways and wide,
And many a childing mom them,
And new born baby died;”
Moreover, by way of Kaspar’s refrain, “the incredible victory”, and “a famous victory”, the poet emphasis the lack of information of the commonplace guy about the reason of war and questions the necessity of a battle.
QS. – IV Read the extract given under and solution the questions that follow:
“They say it become a surprising sight
—————————————–
After a well-known victory.”
i)To whom does “They” within the extract refer? Why do you watched the sight become surprising even if the war was received?
Ans.“They” inside the extract talk to all those those who had witnessed that warfare scenes and had said the scenes at some point of the battle in addition to after the victory changed into achieved.
Even while the war was gained the sight become shocking as it bore the cruelty of conflict. Thousands of dead bodies of warfare victims had been left heaped without any right buried. These our bodies have been left in the open to rot. No right cremation had been finished to those struggle victims.
Ii)Which ‘well-known victory’ is being stated in the extract? Who had been chargeable for this victory?
Ans. In the yr 1704, the anti-French coalition defeated French and Bavarian forces of Blenheim, a village in Southern Germany in the maximum important battle of the Spanish succession. The extract refers to this victory of the anti-French coalition as the “well-known victory”.
The Duke of Marlbro and Prince Eugene of Savoy have been liable for this victory.
Iii)What is the tone of the last two instances of the extract? What, in step with you, the poet wants to convey in those traces?
Ans. The poet is sarcastic and ironical approximately the dignity of victory in a struggle. Hence, a tone of sarcasm and irony is seen inside the final lines of the extract.
According to me the poet wants to reveal the callousness of not unusual human beings toward the cruelty of conflict. They glorify battle and struggle heroes however ignore the conflict victims.
Iv)State clearly how has the poet created an environment of devastation as a result of conflict, inside the poem.
Ans. Through vintage Kaspar the poet has pen pictured an environment of devastation caused by struggle, inside the poem. Kaspar’s father had to flee from there together with his wife and little Kaspar now not understanding where to get safe haven. This suggests how a conflict snatches away refuge from the human beings and flip them into homeless wanderers. Moreover, the poem tells how homes ae burnt down and childing mothers and new-born infants killed. Even the post warfare state of affairs is no much less pathetic. Even while the field is gained then too dead our bodies are seen lying in hundreds to rot in the sun. These war victims aren’t fortunate enough to receive cremation.
V) What changed into the profession of the speaker of these strains? How do you recognize approximately his profession?
Ans. The speaker of these lines is a farmer through profession.
In the beginning of the poem Peterkin finds a human cranium while playing beside the rivulet. On displaying it to Kaspar, his grandfather, the antique guy sighs and tells that those skulls are determined here in plenty. Often his ploughshare turns them out from his garden,
“And often whilst I go to plough,
The ploughshare turns them out!”
The above quoted lines suggested that he’s a farmer via profession.

 

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